• Amblyopia is due to a problem with early development of the visual system occurring before the age of 9 years old.
  • Symptoms include poor vision in one or both eyes.
  • It may present in a child with a squint or ‘turned eye’.

Note: Children rarely complain of poor vision. They are able to ignore painless visual impairments so amblyopia is frequently missed. Children should have a routine eye exam when entering grade R.